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etudes.org (11903B)


      1 #+title: Popper Études
      2 #+date: <2020-06-20 Sat>
      3 #+options: num:nil toc:nil
      4 
      5 I have gone through the effort of typesetting the first 20 of Popper's
      6 cello études using [[https://lilypond.org][GNU LilyPond]].  The source code is available on both
      7 [[https://gitlab.com/jamzattack/popper-etudes][Gitlab]] and [[https://git.jamzattack.xyz/popper][my git server]] , released to public domain.  I encourage you
      8 to make copies for yourself or your students.
      9 
     10 If you find any errors, please don't hesitate to send me an [[mailto:jdb@jamzattack.xyz][email]].
     11 
     12 #+name: version-and-paper
     13 #+begin_src LilyPond :exports none
     14   \version "2.20"
     15   \language "english"
     16   \paper{
     17     indent=0\mm
     18     line-width=170\mm
     19     oddFooterMarkup=##f
     20     oddHeaderMarkup=##f
     21     bookTitleMarkup=##f
     22     scoreTitleMarkup=##f
     23   }
     24 #+end_src
     25 
     26 * All Etudes
     27 
     28 - [[file:pdf/etudes.pdf][As a single PDF (40 pages, 5.7M)]]
     29 - [[file:pdf/etudes.tar.gz][As a tarball (3.1M)]]
     30 - [[file:pdf/etudes.zip][As a zip archive (3.1M)]]
     31 
     32 * [[file:pdf/01.pdf][Étude No. 1]]
     33 
     34 #+begin_src lilypond :file "preview/01.png" :noweb yes
     35   <<version-and-paper>>
     36     \relative c {
     37       \tempo "Allegro molto moderato"
     38     \key c \major
     39     \time 4/4
     40     \clef "bass"
     41     \omit TupletNumber
     42     \override TupletBracket.bracket-visibility = ##f
     43     \tuplet 3/2 { % All notes but the last bar are triplets
     44   % bar 1
     45       c8\mf\upbow c' b a c g
     46       f a e d f c |
     47       b8\upbow d' c b d a
     48       g b f e g d |
     49       c8-2\upbow e'-4 d c-1 e b-1
     50       a-0 c g f a e | \break
     51     }
     52   }
     53 #+end_src
     54 
     55 #+RESULTS:
     56 [[file:preview/01.png]]
     57 
     58 * [[file:pdf/02.pdf][Étude No. 2]]
     59 
     60 #+begin_src lilypond :file "preview/02.png" :noweb yes
     61   <<version-and-paper>>
     62     \relative c {
     63       \tempo "Andante"
     64   \key g \major
     65   \time 4/4
     66   \clef "bass"
     67 
     68   g16-0\p( d' b'-1 a c b d b
     69   a g b g e d g d) |
     70   g,16( d' b' a c b d b
     71   a g b g e d g d) | \break
     72   }
     73 #+end_src
     74 
     75 #+RESULTS:
     76 [[file:preview/02.png]]
     77 
     78 * [[file:pdf/03.pdf][Étude No. 3]]
     79 
     80 #+begin_src lilypond :file "preview/03.png" :noweb yes
     81   <<version-and-paper>>
     82     \relative c' {
     83       \key bf \minor
     84   \time 4/4
     85   \tempo "Andante"
     86   \clef "bass"
     87 
     88   df16\mf-4( a-0 bf-1 f-3 gf-4 e-2 f-3 bf
     89   df) a( bf f gf e f bf |
     90   df16) a-0( bf f'-4 ef df-1 c-3 bf
     91   a) ef-1( gf-2 f af-4 gf f-1 c-2) | \break
     92   }
     93 #+end_src
     94 
     95 #+RESULTS:
     96 [[file:preview/03.png]]
     97 
     98 * [[file:pdf/04.pdf][Étude No. 4]]
     99 
    100 #+begin_src lilypond :file "preview/04.png" :noweb yes
    101   <<version-and-paper>>
    102     \relative c {
    103       \tempo "Andante con moto"
    104     \key fs \major
    105     \time 3/4
    106     \clef "bass"
    107     \omit TupletNumber
    108     \override TupletBracket.bracket-visibility = ##f
    109     \tuplet 3/2 { % This one is also mostly triplets
    110   % bar 1
    111       cs8\p-1( as'-2 fs\thumb ds-2 b'-3 fs\thumb b,\thumb gs'-1 fs |
    112       cs8-1 as' fs\thumb ds-2 b'-3 fs b,\thumb gs'-1 fs) |
    113       cs8-1( as' fs\thumb cs'\thumb as-2 fs'-3 cs \clef "tenor" as'-2 fs\thumb |
    114       cs'8-4 b-3 gs-1 b as fs\thumb as gs es-3) | \break
    115   }}
    116 #+end_src
    117 
    118 #+RESULTS:
    119 [[file:preview/04.png]]
    120 
    121 * [[file:pdf/05.pdf][Étude No. 5]]
    122 
    123 #+begin_src lilypond :file "preview/05.png" :noweb yes
    124   <<version-and-paper>>
    125     \relative c' {
    126       \tempo "Allegro non troppo"
    127     \key a \major
    128     \time 6/8
    129     \clef "bass"
    130 
    131   % bar 1
    132     e8.-1\downbow_\markup{\dynamic "mf" \italic "scherzando"} fs16 a,8-0 b8.-1 cs16 e,8 |
    133     fs8.-3 a16-0 cs8-1 e8.-4 d16 a'8-2-0 | \clef "tenor"
    134     gs8.-1 b16 fs8\thumb e8.-3 gs16-1 d8 |
    135     cs8.-1 e16 b8\thumb a8.-3_G cs16-1 gs8-2 |
    136     fs8.-1-> a16-3 cs8-1 fs8.\thumb gs16 a8 | \break
    137   }
    138 #+end_src
    139 
    140 #+RESULTS:
    141 [[file:preview/05.png]]
    142 
    143 * [[file:pdf/06.pdf][Étude No. 6]]
    144 
    145 #+begin_src lilypond :file "preview/06.png" :noweb yes
    146   <<version-and-paper>>
    147     \relative c {
    148       \tempo "Allegro"
    149     \key f \major
    150     \time 4/4
    151     \clef "bass"
    152 
    153   % bar 1
    154     f16 a d c b c a f
    155     e g d' c b c g e |
    156     d16-0 f c' b a-0 b f d
    157     e-1 g d' c b c bf g |
    158   }
    159 #+end_src
    160 
    161 #+RESULTS:
    162 [[file:preview/06.png]]
    163 
    164 * [[file:pdf/07.pdf][Étude No. 7]]
    165 
    166 #+begin_src lilypond :file "preview/07.png" :noweb yes
    167   <<version-and-paper>>
    168     \relative c' {
    169       \tempo "Lebhaft"
    170     \key a \major
    171     \time 4/4
    172     \clef "bass"
    173     \override TupletBracket.bracket-visibility = ##f
    174 
    175 
    176     \tuplet 3/2 { % upbeat - triplet number is shown
    177       \partial 4.
    178       fs8-4\f( es e |
    179     }
    180 
    181     \omit TupletNumber % no triplet number for the rest of the piece
    182     \tuplet 3/2 {
    183   % bar 1
    184       ds8-1 fs a,-0 c-2 b a
    185       gs-1 b-4 d,-0 f-2 e d |
    186       cs8-4) e-1( a-0 cs-3 b a
    187       d-4 cs b e-4 d cs) | \break
    188   }}
    189 #+end_src
    190 
    191 #+RESULTS:
    192 [[file:preview/07.png]]
    193 
    194 * [[file:pdf/08.pdf][Étude No. 8]]
    195 
    196 #+begin_src lilypond :file "preview/08.png" :noweb yes
    197   <<version-and-paper>>
    198     \relative c' {
    199       \tempo "Andante"
    200     \key c \major
    201     \time 4/4
    202     \clef "treble"
    203 
    204   % bar 1
    205     c16\mf\thumb( d-1 e-2 g\thumb c-3 g a-1 e
    206     g c, e-2 gf,-1 g-1 c\thumb d e) |
    207     c16\thumb( d e g\thumb c-2 g a-1 e-2
    208     g c, e-2 fs,-1 g-4 c\thumb d e) | \break
    209   }
    210 #+end_src
    211 
    212 #+RESULTS:
    213 [[file:preview/08.png]]
    214 
    215 * [[file:pdf/09.pdf][Étude No. 9]]
    216 
    217 #+begin_src lilypond :file "preview/09.png" :noweb yes
    218   <<version-and-paper>>
    219   \relative c' {
    220     \tempo "Andante sostenuto"
    221     \key ef \major
    222     \time 2/4
    223     \clef "treble"
    224     \partial 8
    225   
    226     <<
    227       {
    228 	g'16\thumb\downbow af-1 |
    229   % bar 1
    230 	bf8\thumb c16-1 bf g8\thumb g16 af-1 |
    231 	bf16\thumb bf c bf ef8 g,16\thumb af-1 |
    232 	bf8\thumb c16-1 bf g8\thumb g16 af | \break
    233       }
    234       {
    235 
    236 
    237 	ef16_2_( f_3 |
    238   % bar 1
    239 	g8_2) af16_3_( g ef8_2) ef16_( f_3 |
    240 	g16) g_( af g ef8) ef16_2_( f_3 |
    241 	g8) af16_3_( g ef8) ef16_( f | \break
    242       }
    243     >>
    244   }
    245 #+end_src
    246 
    247 #+RESULTS:
    248 [[file:preview/09.png]]
    249 
    250 * [[file:pdf/10.pdf][Étude No. 10]]
    251 
    252 #+begin_src lilypond :file "preview/10.png" :noweb yes
    253   <<version-and-paper>>
    254     \relative c, {
    255       \tempo "Appassionato"
    256     \key c \minor
    257     \time 4/4
    258     \clef "bass"
    259 
    260   % bar 1
    261     c16\f_0( g'_0 ef'_4 d c d c g_0)
    262     f_2( g f ef_2 d_1 ef d c) |
    263     b'16-2( af'-4 fs g ef'8.-4-> d16)
    264     bf,16-1( af'-4 fs-2 g-3 df'8.-2-> c16) | \break
    265   }
    266 #+end_src
    267 
    268 #+RESULTS:
    269 [[file:preview/10.png]]
    270 
    271 * [[file:pdf/11.pdf][Étude No. 11]]
    272 
    273 #+begin_src lilypond :file "preview/11.png" :noweb yes
    274   <<version-and-paper>>
    275     \relative c, {
    276       \tempo "Moderato"
    277     \key f \major
    278     \time 4/4
    279     \clef "bass"
    280 
    281   % hide triplet things, as this one is mostly triplets
    282     \omit TupletNumber
    283     \override TupletBracket.bracket-visibility = ##f
    284 
    285   % bar 1
    286     \tuplet 3/2 {
    287       f8\mf a' e f d' c
    288       c, a' e f d' cs |
    289       d,8 bf' fs-3 g-3 ef'-4 d
    290       d,-0 bf'-4 g df-2 bf' g | \break
    291   }}
    292 #+end_src
    293 
    294 #+RESULTS:
    295 [[file:preview/11.png]]
    296 
    297 * [[file:pdf/12.pdf][Étude No. 12]]
    298 
    299 #+begin_src lilypond :file "preview/12.png" :noweb yes
    300   <<version-and-paper>>
    301     \relative c'' {
    302       \tempo "Allegro"
    303     \key c \major
    304     \time 4/4
    305     \clef "treble"
    306     \autoPageBreaksOff % Lilypond was trying to put the last line on its own page
    307 
    308   % bar 1
    309     c16\f-3( g\thumb e-2 c\thumb ds-1-> fs-3 a-1 c-3)
    310     c( g\thumb e c d-> f a c) |
    311     c16( g\thumb e c\thumb e\thumb g-2 c-1 e-3)
    312     e( c g e g\thumb c-3 e-1 g-3) | \break
    313   }
    314 #+end_src
    315 
    316 #+RESULTS:
    317 [[file:preview/12.png]]
    318 
    319 * [[file:pdf/13.pdf][Étude No. 13]]
    320 
    321 #+begin_src lilypond :file "preview/13.png" :noweb yes
    322   <<version-and-paper>>
    323   \relative c' {
    324     \tempo "Allegro molto moderato"
    325     \key ef \major
    326     \time 6/8
    327     \clef "tenor"
    328     \autoPageBreaksOff
    329 
    330   % bar 1
    331     <<
    332       {
    333 	ef8-3^I^( f-3 g-3) g^( af-3 bf-3) |
    334 	bf8-3^( c-3 d-3) ef4.-3\upbow |
    335 	ef8 bf\thumb^( c-1 bf) g\thumb^( af-1 |
    336 	g8\thumb) ef\thumb^( f-1 ef4.\thumb) | \break
    337       }
    338       {
    339 	ef,8\f_"II"_\thumb f_\thumb g_\thumb g_\thumb af_\thumb bf_\thumb |
    340 	bf8_\thumb c_\thumb d_\thumb ef4._\thumb |
    341 	ef8_\thumb g_2 af_3 g ef_2 c_\thumb |
    342 	ef8_2 c_2 af_\thumb c4._2 | \break
    343       }
    344     >>
    345 
    346   }
    347 #+end_src
    348 
    349 #+RESULTS:
    350 [[file:preview/13.png]]
    351 
    352 * [[file:pdf/14.pdf][Étude No. 14]]
    353 
    354 #+begin_src lilypond :file "preview/14.png" :noweb yes
    355   <<version-and-paper>>
    356     \relative c' {
    357       \tempo "Moderato"
    358     \key d \major
    359     \time 4/4
    360     \clef "tenor"
    361 
    362   % bar 1
    363     d16\mf_"I"\downbow( d'-4) cs\upbow( b a_0\thumb gs-3_II fs e
    364     d_0\thumb cs-3_III b a g_0\thumb fs-3_IV e-2 d-1 |
    365     e16\< fs g\thumb a-1 b cs d\thumb e-1
    366     fs-2 g-3 a\thumb b-1\! a8) r | \break
    367   }
    368 #+end_src
    369 
    370 #+RESULTS:
    371 [[file:preview/14.png]]
    372 
    373 * [[file:pdf/15.pdf][Étude No. 15]]
    374 
    375 #+begin_src lilypond :file "preview/15.png" :noweb yes
    376   <<version-and-paper>>
    377     \relative c'' {
    378       \tempo "Allegro Scherzando"
    379     \key g \major
    380     \time 6/8
    381     \clef "treble"
    382     \autoPageBreaksOff
    383 
    384   % bar 1
    385     d8-2_I b-.\thumb( fs-.-1_II) g-2->( e'-3_I) d-. |
    386     b8-2 g-.\thumb( ds-1-.) e-2->( c'-3) b-. |
    387     g8-2 e-.\thumb( b-1) c-2->( a'-3) g-. | \clef "tenor"
    388     e8-2 c-.\thumb( gs-1-.) a-2->( f'-3) e-. | \clef "bass"
    389     a,8-0\<( c) g-.-4 fs( c'-2) e,-. | \break
    390   }
    391 #+end_src
    392 
    393 #+RESULTS:
    394 [[file:preview/15.png]]
    395 
    396 * [[file:pdf/16.pdf][Étude No. 16]]
    397 
    398 #+begin_src lilypond :file "preview/16.png" :noweb yes
    399   <<version-and-paper>>
    400     \relative c {
    401       \tempo "Allegro moderato"
    402     \key c \major
    403     \time 3/4
    404     \clef "bass"
    405     \autoPageBreaksOff
    406 
    407   % Again, this one is invisible triplets
    408     \omit TupletNumber
    409     \override TupletBracket.bracket-visibility = ##f
    410     \tuplet 3/2 {
    411     
    412   % bar 1
    413       c8-1^>_\markup{\dynamic {p} \italic "(capriccioso)"}( e-4) g,-0
    414       c e-4 g-1 a-3 e-.-1 g-. |
    415       a8->-0( c-2) e, a-0 c e-1 f c-.-4 e-. |
    416       a,8-0\<( c) fs,-3 a-.-0 c-. e-.-1 fs-. c-4 e-. | \break
    417   }}
    418 #+end_src
    419 
    420 #+RESULTS:
    421 [[file:preview/16.png]]
    422 
    423 * [[file:pdf/17.pdf][Étude No. 17]]
    424 
    425 #+begin_src lilypond :file "preview/17.png" :noweb yes
    426   <<version-and-paper>>
    427   \relative c' {
    428     \tempo "Con brio"
    429     \key c \minor
    430     \time 4/4
    431     \clef "bass"
    432     \autoPageBreaksOff
    433 
    434     <<
    435       {
    436 	s8 c16-3( d-3 ef4-4->) s8 c16( d ef4->) |
    437 	s8 c16-3( d-3 ef-4 f-3 fs-4 g-3
    438 	af-4) g-3( fs-3 g-4 f-4) e-3( d-3 e-3) |
    439 	s8 f16-4( g-3 af4-4->) s8 f16( g af4->) | \break
    440       }
    441       {
    442 	\stemDown
    443 	c,,,8\f ef'16_1 f_1 g4_3 c,,8 ef'16 f g4 |
    444 	c,,8 ef'16_1 f_1 g_3 af_1 a_2 bf_1
    445 	c_3 bf_1 a_1 bf_2 af_2 g_1 f_1 g_1 |
    446 	f,8-1 af'16_2 bf_1 c4_3 f,,8-1 af'16 bf c4 | \break
    447       }
    448     >>
    449   }
    450 #+end_src
    451 
    452 #+RESULTS:
    453 [[file:preview/17.png]]
    454 
    455 * [[file:pdf/18.pdf][Étude No. 18]]
    456 
    457 #+begin_src lilypond :file "preview/18.png" :noweb yes
    458   <<version-and-paper>>
    459     \relative c'' {
    460       \tempo "Allegro molto moderato"
    461     \key d \major
    462     \time 6/8
    463     \clef "treble"
    464     \override Fingering.staff-padding = #'()
    465 
    466     \stemUp
    467     \partial 8
    468     a16_0_\thumb\p fs_2 | \bar ".|:"
    469   % bar 1
    470     b16_1 g_3 e_1 d' cs_2 e_0_4
    471     d_3 a_0_\thumb fs_2 d_0_\thumb a'_0_\thumb fs_2 |
    472     b16_1 g e d' cs e d a fs d a' fs | \break
    473   }
    474 #+end_src
    475 
    476 #+RESULTS:
    477 [[file:preview/18.png]]
    478 
    479 * [[file:pdf/19.pdf][Étude No. 19]]
    480 
    481 #+begin_src lilypond :file "preview/19.png" :noweb yes
    482   <<version-and-paper>>
    483     \relative c {
    484       \tempo "Allegro"
    485     \key ef \major
    486     \time 4/4
    487     \clef "bass"
    488     \autoPageBreaksOff
    489 
    490   % All but last bar is triplets
    491     \omit TupletNumber
    492     \override TupletBracket.bracket-visibility = ##f
    493     \tuplet 3/2 {
    494 
    495   % bar 1
    496       r8 bf-3\upbow d-0 ef-1 bf d ef bf d ef bf'-4 g |
    497       ef'8 g, bf ef,-1 g bf, ef g, bf ef, g bf |
    498       af8 c e f c e f c e f-1 c' af-4 | \break
    499   }}
    500 #+end_src
    501 
    502 #+RESULTS:
    503 [[file:preview/19.png]]
    504 
    505 * [[file:pdf/20.pdf][Étude No. 20]]
    506 
    507 #+begin_src lilypond :file "preview/20.png" :noweb yes
    508   <<version-and-paper>>
    509     \relative c {
    510   \tempo "Allegro Appassionato"
    511   \key g \minor
    512   \time 4/4
    513   \clef "bass"
    514   
    515   \autoPageBreaksOff
    516   \omit TupletNumber
    517   \override TupletBracket.bracket-visibility = ##f
    518   % bar 1
    519     g16-0\f( bf-2 cs-1 e-4 g-1_II bf-4 cs-1_I e-4\< \clef "tenor"
    520     g-1) bf( a g fs-1 g-2 a-3 g-2) |
    521     fs16-1( ef'-3 d-2 cs-1 c-2 a\thumb-0 fs-3_II ef-1)
    522     d4.\thumb-0\upbow r8 | \clef "bass" \break
    523   }
    524 #+end_src
    525 
    526 #+RESULTS:
    527 [[file:preview/20.png]]
    528 
    529